Spanish wine Glossary
Añada - Vintage, Cosecha
Assemblage - Cuvée
Barrica - Barrel
Blanco - Spanish for white (vino blanco)
Bodega - Wine cellar
Cava - Sparkling wine
Cosecha - Vintage
Crianza - Total stored 24 months, al least 6 months in oak
Cuvée - Assemblage
.Tinto - Red wine
Viña - Vineyard
Vino - Wine
Classification of Spanish quality wines
DOCa Denominación de Origen Calificada
This category is the highest quality category for Spanish wine. Only Rioja and recently also the Priorat wine region have DOCa status. The wines for this category must be bottled in the wine region.
DO Denominación de Origen
This is the second category for Spanish wine is DO, similar to the French AOC, and includes the most well-known classical Spanish wines. The wines have to meet the requirements of the Consejo Regulador (Supervision of the individual wine regions), who then allows a wine-maker to use the DO label for his wine.
DO Pago - Stays for a single property. The wine is made in one property in one area.
Classification of table wines VdlT Vino de la Tierra
Wines from regions with no DO status as yet, but with an identifiable regional character.
VC Vino Comarcal
Areas that have no great claims on quality.
VdM Vino de Mesa
Vino de Mesa is wine made from grapes from unclassified areas or blended from different classified areas. Usually without vintage.
Aging Classicfications Crianza, Reserva and Gran Reserva
Crianza Total stored 24 months, al least 6 months in oak
Reserva Total stored 36 months, al least 12 months in oak
Gran Reserva Total stored 60 months, al least 24 months in oak
Wine Drinking - Alternatives to Riedel
Porron, porrón, or porró is a traditional glass wine pitcher used for drinking at family meals and in simple restaurants. It resembles a cross between a wine decanter and watering can. Porrons are most commonly filled with simple wines, either white or red, .. The lack of contact with the lips allows a group of people to share the same vessel without offending their sense of hygiene. Talented Porron drinkers can aim the wine at their foreheads, running it down over the nose and into mouth Try it and you will most likely get covered in wine. - These make good souvinirs of a Spanish wine holiday.
A bota bag or wineskin is a traditional Spanish wine carrier for travel.. Made of leather (when made of goatskin it is somwtimes known as a Zahato ).
Spain has more land under grape cultivation than any other country. It is home to numerous world-class native grape varieties.
Reds Over a 1million copies sold.
Tempranillo – aka Tinto Fino, Tinta del Pais, Cencibel. Tempranillo can range from a fine Burgundy like Pinot Noir to fuller Bordeaux style. In the right conditions, especially in Rioja tempranillo wines have capacity for long ageing.
Tinto de Toro – a clone of Tempranillo from D.O. Toro. It produces very dark, inky wines.
Garnacha – Grenache in other countries, it is native to Northern Spain. Characteristically produces fruitier wines, and in regions like Priorat, it can be very dense and able to age. Often, produced for blending or to be drunk young.
Monastrell – aka Mourvedre in France, this variety is native to the Central East on the Mediterranean coast. It thrives in an arrid environment and produces spicy young wines. Monastrell is often used in blends as well.
Mencía - native of NW Spain, in the cooler climate, it is similar to Cabernet Franc. Wines of all Mencia have recently become more popular and are getting critical acclaim.
Albariño - from NW Spain, lemony, fruity, mostly unoaked.
Verdejo – mainly from Rueda, crisp, tart with exotic fruit, somewhat similar to Sauvignon Blanc.
Viura, aka Macabeo - used in winemaking alone or blended, unoaked or oaked. Apple notes, often similar to young Chardonnay. Used in Cava –sparkling wine blends and is found in numerous regions.
Xarel.lo – fuller white, similar to Viura and Chardonnay, mostly used to blend for Cava.
Garnacha Blanca – white Grenache, primarily found in N. Spain. Oxidizes easily, so often used in unoaked young wines. Some oak aged examples exist, in a traditional, old Spanish style that has some oxidized qualities.
Txakolina – crisp white, slight bubbles, citrus notes, from the Basque regions and Pyrennees.
How do you discover the wine styles and grape types you like?. The answer is to download our excellent wine information and tasting note books. Plus you get a free Wine Cellar book that helps you drink your wines in their prime. Go to www.winedownloads.com/wine-tasting-notes-cellar-books